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Mozambique: President Guebuza keeps most ministers

Summary & Comment: A series of articles from Mozambique on the new government named by President Armando Emillio Guebuza who has maintained most of the ministers of the past government. Is it a case of appeasement? FJ

Author: Various Date Written: 17 January 2010
Primary Category: Southern Region Document Origin: Joe Hanlon
Secondary Category: -none- Source URL:
Key Words: Mozambique, President, Government, Education

African Charter Article #13: Every citizen shall have the right to participate freely in the government of their country and to equal access of public services . (Click for full text...)

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Guebuza keeps most ministers 

Newly re-elected President Armando Guebuza named his new government on Saturday, which is largely unchanged from the previous one. The most important change was the naming of former Education Minister Aires Ali as Prime Minister, replacing Luisa Diogo, who will be in parliament but not in government.
The new Minister of Education is Zeferino Martins, who most recently has been Executive Director of the Commission for the Reform of Professional Education (COREP). The only other ministries to have new ministers are Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare, Fisheries, Public Works and Housing, State Administration, and Veterans’ Affairs. But almost all governors have been replaced.

Meanwhile, on Tuesday parliament named Veronica Macamo as chair (president, speaker). She takes over from Eduardo Mulembue, who had been the parliamentary chair for the last 15 years. Macamo was first deputy chair of the Assembly in the last parliament. Ali, Diogo, Macamo and Mulembue are all members of the FRELIMO Political Commission, as are Minister of the Interior Jose Pacheco, Minister of Planning and Development Aiuba Cuereneia, and Minister for Coordination of Environmental Action Alcinda Abreu.

This is Guebuza's second and last term as President; so the new appointments will be scrutinised for the implications as to who might by the next Presidential candidate. Mulembue and Diogo were widely touted as possible candidates, but both have lost their prominent positions. Cuereneia had often been suggested as the next Prime Minister, but has not been given the post. Aires Ali has been a long time friend of Guebuza, so his nomination as Prime Minister puts him in the leading position to replace Guebuza as president. Ali was born in 1955, and thus could be seen as representing the next generation. (Mulembwe was born in 1954 and Diogo in 1958; Guebuza was born in 1943).

The reports below are from AIM, the Mozambican News Agency. 
AIM News 16/1/2010


The full list of ministers, deputy ministers and provincial governors, announced on Saturday by Mozambican President Armando Guebuza, is as follows:  

Council of Ministers  

President of the Republic – Armando Emilio Guebuza  
Prime Minister – Aires Bonifacio Ali
Minister of the Interior – Jose Condungua Pacheco
Minister of Finance – Manuel Chang
Minister of Planning and Development – Aiuba Cuereneia
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation – Oldemiro Julio Baloi
Minister of Defence – Filipe Jacinto Nyussi
Minister for Coordination of Environmental Action – Alcinda Abreu
Minister of Agriculture – Soares Nhaca
Minister of Health – Paulo Ivo Garrido
Minister of Industry and Trade – Antonio Fernando
Minister of Science and Technology – Venancio Massingue
Minister of Labour – Maria Helena Taipo
Minister of Transport and Communications – Paulo Zucula
Minister of Public Works and Housing – Cadmiel Muthemba
Minister of the Public Service – Vitoria Diogo
Minister of Tourism – Fernando Sumbana Junior
Minister of State Administration – Carmelita Namashalua
Minister of Mineral Resources – Esperanca Bias
Minister of Energy – Salvador Namburete
Minister of Veterans’ Affairs – Mateus Oscar Kida
Minister of Education – Zeferino Martins
Minister of Culture – Armando Artur Joao
Minister of Fisheries – Victor Manuel Borges
Minister of Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare – Iolanda Cintura
Minister of Youth and Sport – Pedrito Caetano
Minister for the President’s Office – Antonio Fernandes Sumbana

Ministers in the Presidency:

For Social Matters – Feliciano Gundana
For Parliamentary, Municipal and Provincial Assembly Affairs – Adeleaide Amurane  

Deputy Ministers

Interior – Jose Mandra
Finance – Pedro Couto
Planning and Development – Maria Jose Lucas
Foreign Affairs and Cooperation  - Henrique Banze, Eduardo Koloma
Defence – Agostinho Monjane
Coordination of Environmental Action – Ana Paula Chichava
Public Works and Housing – Carvalho Muaria
Mineral Resources – Abdul Razak Noormahomed
State Administration – Jose Tsambe
Tourism – Rosario Mualeia
Energy – Jaime Himede
Industry and Trade – Kenneth Marizane
Agriculture – Antonio Raul Limbau
Public Service – Abdurremane Lino de Almeida
Justice – Alberto Ntukumula
Education  – Arlindo Chilundo, Augusto Jone Luis, Leda Florinda Hugo
Fisheries – Gabriel Muthisse
Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare
 – Virgilio Mateus Veterans’ Affairs, Marcelino Liphola
Youth and Sport – Carlos Castro de Sousa  

Provincial Governors

Niassa – David Marizane
Cabo Delgado – Eliseu Machava
Nampula – Felismino Tocole
Zambezia – Francisco Itai Meque
Tete – Alberto Vaquina
Manica – Ana Comoana
Sofala – Mauricio Vieira
Inhambane – Agostinho Trinta
Gaza – Raimundo Diomba
Maputo – Maria Elias Jonas
Maputo City – Lucilia Nota Hama 

Mozambican President Armando Guebuza on Saturday appointed former Education Minister Aires Ali as Prime Minister in his new government. The appointment comes two days after Guebuza was sworn into his second term of office, following his overwhelming victory in the presidential election of 28 October. Ali replaces Luisa Diogo, who is not a member of the new government. Currently Diogo’s only official state position is that of a member of the Mozambican parliament, the Assembly of the Republic. Both she and Ali are also memebrs of the Political Commission of the ruling FRELIMO Party. 

Prior to his appointment as Minister of Education and Culture in 2005, Ali had been governor of the northern province of Niassa (1995-2000), and then of the southern province of Inhambane (2000-2004). Earlier posts Ali held were provincial director of education in Nampula (19880-1986), head of the office of the Minister of Education (1989-90), and National Director of School Social Welfare Programmes (1991-92).  

Guebuza has simply reappointed the great majority of ministers who served in the last government.  Thus the two key economic ministries remain in the hands of the same people who have negotiated with Mozambique’s foreign partners over the fast five years – Manuel Chang as Minister of Finance, and Aiuba Cuereneia as Minister of Planning and Development.   Also Jose Pacheco remains Minister of the Interior, Filipe Nyussi Minister of Defence, Oldemiro Baloi Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ivo Garrido Minister of Health, Soares Nhaca Minister of Agriculture, Benvinda Levy Minister of Justice, and Venancio Massingue Minister of Science and Technology.  

Similarly unchanged are Esperanca Bias as Minister of Mineral Resources, Alcinda Abreu as Minister of the Environment, Helena Taipo as Minister of Labour, Salvador Namburete as Minister of Energy, Antonio Fernando as Minister of Industry and Trade, Paulo Zucula as Minister of Transport, Vitoria Diogo as Minister for the Public Service, and Antonio Sumbana as Minister for the President’s Office.   Fernando Sumbana remains Minister of Tourism.

For the last year he has also been Minister of Youth and Sport, since the previous holder of that post, David Simango, was elected Mayor of Maputo in the November 2008 municipal elections. Now there is a new Minister of Youth and Sport, Pedrito Caetano, who is a newcomer to the government.   

Guebuza has split the Ministry of Education and Culture into two. The new Minister of Education is Zeferino Martins, who was once Deputy Minister of Education under Guebuza’s predecessor,  Joaquim Chissano, and in recent years has been Executive Director of the Commission for the Reform of Professional Education (COREP).

Guebuza appointed the poet Armando Artur Joao as Minister of Culture. He was previously Deputy President of the Maputo-based Portuguese Language Bibliographic Fund. Cadmiel Muthemba leaves the Ministry of Fisheries to replace Felicio Zacarias as Minister of Public Works and Housing. Victor Borges is promoted from Deputy Minister to Minister of Fisheries.   Carmelita Namashalua moves from Deputy Minister to Minister of State Administration, replacing Lucas Chomera,   Mateus Oscar Kida becomes Minister for Veterans’ Affairs, while the previous occupant of this post, Feliciano Gundana, becomes Minister in the Presidency for Social Matters.  

Adelaide Amurane, a former Deputy Minister of Labour under Chissano, moves into Guebuza’s office as Minister in the Presidency for Parliamentary, Municipal and Provincial Assembly Affairs.   Iolanda Cintura, formerly National Director of Liquid Fuels in the Ministry of Energy, becomes Minister of Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare, replacing Virgilia Matabele.   Guebuza has also reappointed several of the deputy ministers. Thus Jose Mandra remains Deputy Minister of the Interior, Pedro Couto Deputy Finance Minister and Jaime Himede Deputy Minister of Energy.

 Likewise, the two Deputy Foreign Ministers in the last government, Eduardo Koloma and Henriques Banze, are both reappointed, as are the Deputy Ministers of the Environment, Ana Chichava, of Tourism, Rosario Mualeia, of Mineral Resources, Abdul Razak Moormahomed, of Defence, Agostinho Monjane, of Youth and Sport, Carlos Castro de Sousa, and of the Public Service, Abdurremane Almeida.   The second Deputy Minister or the Public Service, Maria Jose Lucas, replaces Victor Bernardo as Deputy Minister of Planning and Development, while the former governor of Zambezia province, Carvalho Muaria, becomes Deputy Minister of Public Works. Gabriel Muthisse moves from Deputy Minister of Public Works to Deputy Minister of Fisheries.

The former provincial director of agriculture in Sofala, Antonio Limbau, because Deputy Minister of Agriculture.   There are three Deputy Ministers of Education, One, Arlindo Chilundo, is the director of the FRELIMO Central Party School in the southern city of Matola. Augusto Jone Luis is a supplementary member of parliament on the FRELIMO list  for Sofala province, and the third deputy minister is prominent food scientist Leda Florinda Hugo. A former director of the Centre of African Studies at the Eduardo Mondlane University, Marcelino Liphola, becomes Deputy Minister for Veterans’ Affairs. 

Other newcomers to high government office are the Deputy Minister of  State Administration, Jose Tsambe  (formerly Frelimo First Secretary in Gaza Province), the Deputy Minister of  Industry and Trade, Kenneth Marizane (a former university lecturer in Beira), the Deputy Minister of Justice, jurist Alberto Nkutumula (who writes an internet blog under the pseudonym Nero Kalashnikov), and the Deputy Minister of Women’s Affairs and Social Welfare, Virgilio Mateus.      


Mozambican President Armando Guebuza on Saturday re-appointed Felismino Tocole, Eliseu Machava and Raimondo Diomba as governors of the provinces of Nampula, Cabo Delgado and Gaza. Guebuza also moved Francisco Itai Meque from Inhambane to become governor of Zambezia, replacing Carvalho Muaria, who has been apponted Deputy Minister of Public Works. Alberto Vaquina moves from Sofala to the western province of Tete, replacing Ildefonso Muanantatha, who became seriously discredited last year, when he was accused of making death threats against journalist Bernardo Carlos, a reporter on the daily paper “Noticias”.  

Mauricio Vieira moves from Manica to take over from Vaquina in Sofala, while lawyer Ana Comoana becomes govenor of Manica.   David Marizane, who was once a district administrator in Tete, replaces Arnaldo Bimbe as governor of Niassa, while Agostinto Trinta, formerly Frelimo first secretary in Nampula, takes over from Itai Meque in Inhambane.   Maria Elias Jonas, formerly administrator of the Niassa district of Nipepe, replaces Telmina Pereira as governor of Maputo province. 

Finally, a FRELIMO parliamentary deputy, Lucilia Nota Hama, replaces Rosa da Silva replaces Rosa da Silva as governor of Maputo City. Since nobody can be a member of the executive and of parliament at the same time, Nota Hama will now have to resign her parliamentary seat. 

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