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Action Focus

Chad: 10,000 at imminent risk of forced eviction

Action Requested: Urgent need to contact the Chadian government to halt the imminent forced evictions of 10,000 in Chad’s capital city, N’Djamena. Please see suggested interventions and list of targets below. JS

Act By: 14 November 2010

Sponsor: Amnesty International Target: Chadian authorities
Action Site: http://www.amnesty.ca/urgentaction Other Contact Info: UrgentAction@amnesty.ca

African Charter Article #14: The right to property shall be guaranteed. (Click for full text...)

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UA 218/10                                                                                                   
AI Index: AFR 20/011/2010
6 October 2010


Around 10,000 people are at risk of forced eviction from Ambatta in N’Djamena, the capital city of Chad. The authorities have told people living in the area to leave their homes by the end of the rainy season to enable the construction of modern houses. This could occur as early as mid-October. The affected people have not been consulted about this decision and have not been offered any alternative housing.

At the beginning of May 2010, a group of people unknown to the inhabitants of Ambatta started painting red crosses on the walls of the houses in the neighbourhood, and told the residents they had to leave their homes. In June, the Minister of Planning, Urbanism and Habitat visited Ambatta and announced that the area was to be used by the authorities to build ''social housing'' as part of government plans to build 10,000 social houses in N'Djamena. The authorities did not offer any form of compensation to the residents of Ambatta neighbourhood. Previously, the authorities had told the residents of Ambatta that it was a protected area where house building was prohibited.

On 15 May, the residents of Ambatta met and formed a committee to negotiate with the authorities and defend their rights. The committee have sent several letters to the Chadian authorities including to the President of the Republic, the President of the National Assembly and the Minister of Planning, Urbanism and Habitat, but have not received any reply.

Some of the residents of Ambatta have been living there for more than 20 years. Most of the residents work in low-paid professions such as teaching and community work, and most do not have an alternative place to live if their homes are demolished. In addition to houses, there are also five community schools in Ambatta that also face demolition.

PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY in French, Arabic or English.
* Call on the authorities to halt the planned forced eviction of the people living in Ambatta, Ndjamena.

* Call on them to engage in genuine consultation with the community facing eviction to identify all feasible alternatives, put in place appropriate procedural and legal safeguards, and develop a comprehensive relocation and compensation plan.

* Urge the authorities to end all forced evictions in N’Djamena as a matter of urgency and to adopt guidelines for evictions which comply with international human rights law.

Monsieur Idriss Deby
Président de la République
Présidence de la République
BP 74
N'Djamena, République du Tchad
E-mail:           dgcom@presidencetchad.org 
Salutation:      Dear President

Minister of Planning, Urbanism and Habitat:
Djimrangar Dadnadji
BP 4087
N'Djamena, République du Tchad
E-mail:           dadnadji@gmail.com
Salutation:      Dear Minister

His Excellency Adam Bechir Mahamoud
Ambassador for Chad
2401 Massachusetts Avenue N.W.
Washington, DC 20008, USA
Fax:               (202) 265-1937
E-mail:           info@chadembassy.us

Mayor of N’Djamena:
Madame Mbailemdana Fatime Marie Thérèse
Maire de la Ville de N'Ddjamena
BP 439
N'Djamena, République du Tchad
Fax:               011 235 2251 4340

Forced evictions have been carried out in N’Djamena since March 2008 in total lack of respect for legal protection and other safeguard measures that are required under both the Chadian laws and the international standards to which Chad is a party. In the past Chadian authorities started to demolish houses without prior and genuine consultation with the affected communities to identify alternatives to evictions and on resettlement options and adequate alternative accommodation. The Chadian authorities gave no effective remedies such as just and fair compensation.

Urgent Action Office   Amnesty International Canada
1992 Yonge St., 3rd floor   Toronto, Ontario M4S 1Z7
Tel. (416) 363 9933 ext. 325   /   Fax (416) 363 3103

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