INTRODUCTION: ESSAY COMPETITION ABOUT THE AFRICAN UNION
Paul Mwangi Maina
This special issue contains analysis of some of the AU instruments that are the focus of the State of the African Union (SOTU) campaign. The essays were among the best submitted by students at the University of Nairobi as part of activities to celebrate this year’s Africa Liberation Day.
THE MAPUTO PROTOCOL: EVALUATING WOMEN’S RIGHTS
Mukumu Wairimu Irene
Africa’s first women’s rights legal framework has the potential to benefit millions of women when governments not only ratify but also ensure its domestication in national laws, with accompanying resources for its implementation.
IS AU’S AGRICULTURE POLICY WORKING?
The strength of the agricultural sector affects the standard of living for a broad swath of citizens across Africa. Thus measures aimed at strengthening agriculture, such as the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP), must be evaluated thoroughly. Inventing such programs is not enough; they must be effectively implemented.
RUNNING AHEAD: FOOD SECURITY AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Kamau Margaret Njeri
Agriculture has the potential not only to feed all of Africa’s people but also to earn the continent revenues for development. There are numerous practical ways in which this can be achieved.
CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
Peter Kinuthia Murimi
Africa is the target of resource grabs by foreign powers that have remained active in the continent despite the end of formal colonialism. Natural resources are under threat from other forces as well. The African Convention on Conservation Nature and Natural Resources provides adequate guidelines for sustainable use.
AFRICAN PERFORMANCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Eva Anambo Ongoche
Almost two decades after adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the record of adherence to its provisions across the continent is mixed. Some countries have made notable progress, but others show persistent serious violations of human rights.
AFRICAN NATIONS HAVE LET DOWN THEIR YOUTH
Vincent Mirang'a Mwangi
Young people form the bulk of Africa’s population and have great potential to transform the continent. National youth policies exist, in addition to the continent-wide protocol developed by the African Union. But these policies mostly remain on paper.
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