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Burundi: Diplomacy Falling Short

Summary & Comment: Several concerned perspectives on situation and future developments in Burundi. Election will be July 21; President Nkurunziza is running again- for a third term against much opposition, some violent. I encourage you to subscribe directly to AfricaFocus Bulletin. JK

Author: Wm MInter ed. Date Written: 14 July 2015
Primary Category: Eastern Region Document Origin: AfricaFocus
Secondary Category: Africa General Source URL: http://www.africafocus.org/
Key Words: Burundi, Nkurunziza, third term, elections.

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Editor's Note

As Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni travels to Burundi for yet
another attempt to mediate in the crisis caused by the determination
of President Pierre Nkurunziza to seek a third term in the elections
now scheduled for July 21, it is clear that international diplomatic
efforts are still failing to reverse increasing repression and
escalation of violence. Despite multiple mediators and international
declarations of concern, most recently calling for disarmament of
the pro-government militias and commitment to a government of
national unity, the incumbent president has good reason to conclude
that he can continue to resist the pleas of his international
critics as well as to repress internal opposition.

For a version of this Bulletin in html format, more suitable for
printing, go to http://www.africafocus.org/docs15/bur1507.php, and
click on "format for print or mobile."

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Despite apparent consensus, pressure from both the East African
Community (EAC) and the African Union (AU) is weakened by the
example of its own leaders who have followed similar strategies to
remain in power, from African Union chair Robert Mugabe to the
latest mediator Yoweri Museveni. Although the United States and some
European countries have been outspoken in their criticism of
Nkurunziza, they are well aware that the African Union peacekeeping
mission in Somalia still depends on troops from Burundi.

For two recent articles on reasons for the failure of diplomatic
efforts, see Simon Allison, "Why Somalia is the Burundian
president's trump card," Daily Maverick, July 6, 2015 (
http://tinyurl.com/q587hr7) and Simon Allison, "Despite their
criticism, did the international community enable Nkurunzizaís third
term bid?," Daily Maverick, June 30, 2015 (

This AfricaFocus Bulletin contains documents on the most recent
United Nations, African Union, and East Africa Community responses
to the crisis in Burundi, as well as an op-ed by Salim Salim, who as
Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity negotiated
the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi signed in
the year 2000.

For a Reuters news summary of the current situation as of July 13,
see http://tinyurl.com/ohy3866

For an article with more extensive analysis of the UN role and on
Burundi's role in Somalia peacekeeping, see "UN peacebuilding
efforts in years preceding the crisis, see "What Burundiís crisis
says about U.N. capacity to build peace," Washington Post, May 18,
2015 (http://tinyurl.com/nlwz9of), and "Is Burundi still a credible
peacekeeper?," Washington Post, May 23, 2015 (

For† previous AfricaFocus Bulletins on Burundi, with additional
background and links, visit
and http://www.africafocus.org/docs14/bur1402.php

++++++++++++++++++++++end editor's note+++++++++++++++++

for whole bulletin http://www.africafocus.org/docs15/bur1507.php

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Disclaimer: Opinions expressed in this article are those of the writer(s) and not do necessarily reflect the views of the AfricaFiles' editors and network members. They are included in our material as a reflection of a diversity of views and a variety of issues. Material written specifically for AfricaFiles may be edited for length, clarity or inaccuracies.

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